Are Helicopters Harder to Fly than Airplanes?
Have you ever wondered if helicopter and airplane pilots can fly both aircraft? I always wondered if they could! Keep reading to know more!
Yes, helicopters are generally more complicated to fly than airplanes, although you cannot fly them the same way. The helicopter has rotor blades that spin extremely fast to arm the lift that a helicopter needs to fly. An airplane needs persistent airflow to fly into the air. Because they are aerodynamically unstable aircraft, helicopters do not “want” to fly. Helicopters need constant and balanced pilot inputs on all controls to stay in control.
Flying an airplane is easier than flying a helicopter, especially for beginners. Because helicopters are unstable, the pilot must maintain constant control over the aircraft from the moment it is started to the moment it stops turning on the ground. Pilots should also be aware of their flight plan. Helicopters fly at a low altitude, only reaching 12,000 feet before pressurization is necessary. Pilots must be familiar with the terrain and obstacles, such as buildings, mountains, and trees.
A helicopter is much more difficult to fly than an airplane. Autopilot makes it easy to fly from one destination to the next. Landing and take-off are difficult and require lots of practice. Many pilots spend time in the air reviewing checklists, reviewing airport procedures, and making adjustments to their flight plans. Pilots in helicopters are expected to be attentive and have their hands on all controls.
Are helicopters more stable than aircraft?
The fixed wings of an aircraft can provide lift, but only if there’s enough airflow. An airplane will stall if the airflow is not sufficient or turbulent enough to support it. Therefore, planes are fundamentally stable and capable of gliding. A plane’s control surfaces, such as its wings, tail, and control surfaces, will help maintain stability. They allow it to return to its original position even if there is no control.
Most aircraft will return to a straight line when the pilot releases control commands.
Helicopters are unstable because the helicopter’s primary rotor produces counter-torque. To maintain stability, the helicopter’s tail rotor works hard to counteract rotating torque from the main rotor. Even though helicopters are unstable, they can sometimes still balance without pilot assistance. To maintain stability, the pilot must always counter and apply actions to the helicopter.
Despite many pilots disagreeing on the topic, it suffices to say that flying both types of aircraft is very different, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. An airplane can fly at a very high ceiling, but a helicopter cannot fly at higher altitudes or glide.
What is more risky a helicopter or an airplane?
Flying an aircraft is more straightforward than flying a helicopter. However, it can be more difficult for beginner pilots. Because helicopters are unstable, pilots must maintain constant control over the craft from when they start to when the rotary blades stop turning after the aircraft lands. Because helicopters fly at low altitudes, pilots should also be familiar with the terrain and dangers, such as structures, mountains, and trees.
It is important to remember that helicopters are more dangerous to fly than planes and can be more challenging to control than aircraft. The accident rate for helicopters in training flights is twice that of airplanes: 12.69 accidents per 100,000 hours, compared to 6.08 for 100,000 hours. Helicopter crashes are more common than those involving planes. Helicopter crashes are 35% more frequently than other types of aircraft.
The reason for this is that the pilot of a helicopter has many things to manage including the joystick, which moves the helicopter forward and backward as well as the collective control which moves it upwards and downwards, anti-torque pedals which turn the nose in a horizontal direction, and finally the throttle that drives the engine.
Helicopters typically fly at speeds between 100 and 150 knots. The majority of airplanes fly between 90 and 135 knots. The AH-54 can fly at 200 knots. Some fighting jets can fly at speeds exceeding 300 knots. A helicopter’s maximum speed can be limited by the fact the helicopter’s forward speed cancels out the lift generated by the retreating blade. This extremely uneven lift causes the helicopter to roll. The helicopter has lift only from the advancing one. It is, therefore, more challenging to fly. A helicopter can travel at about 275 mph theoretically. However, adding thrust or using contrarotating rotors may increase this speed to around 285 mph.